Civil democracy
Individual trust and decision-making

Civil democracy principles


Improving collective decision making after partitioning representation has lost its capacity

'Partitioning representation', collective decision making via group assignment of individuals, was effective only in historical Europe.

Flexible trust storage

The ballot stored trust in one actor, using "15th century technology for 19th century institutions". Trust storage can be much more flexible, allowing 'actor openness' and 'meta-decision freedom'.

Actor openness

Every organization or individual politician can and shall serve as 'open actor', raising trust and support and easing the judgement of political decision options for the individuals who trust them. Especially the thousands of lobby organizations have to realize that they have to enter responsibility.

Meta-decision freedom

Flexible trust storage allows that voters take the indirect option evaluation of their trusted open actors as proposal. If they do nothing, it is their represented evaluation. But it makes things easier for them if they want to apply direct democracy: To check and potentially rearrange a prefabricated listing of options is much easier possible than to make a ranking of unsorted options.